Like many other Caribbean nations, Cuba participated in the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Over a million slaves were brought to Cuba from the 16th Century until 2867 to work on sugarcane plantations. After the Haitian Revolution in 1804, Cuba became the largest producer of sugar in the world. Slaves working on sugarcane plantations faced back breaking conditions. They worked an average of 20 hours a day, and were crammed into inhumane barracoons at night. Most nights, slaves only got 3-4 hours of sleep before having to return to the sugarcane fields.
The Republic of Haiti is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. Port-au-Prince is the capital of Haiti. The population of Haiti is about 10.8 million people. Haiti is the second most populous nation in the Caribbean.
Ecuador is a South American country that lies on the earth's equator. The capital of Ecuador is Quito, but the largest city is Guayaguil. In 2016, Ecuador's estimated population was 16,385,068 people.
The Republic of Panama is a Central American country bordered by Costa Rica and Colombia. Panama City is the capital of Panama, and it is home to about 1.5 million people.
Colombia is a country located in South America. Bogotá is the capital of Colombia, and the nation's largest city. As of 2018, Colombia has a population of 49,464,683 people. Colombia has the 4th largest population of Black people in the Western Hemisphere - behind Brazil, Haiti, and the United States.